addiction


addiction
n.
a state of dependence produced either by the habitual taking of drugs or by regularly engaging in certain activities (e.g. gambling). People can develop physical and psychological symptoms of dependence, which include a strong desire to take the substance or exercise the behaviour, impaired capacity to control such behaviour or substance taking, a physical or psychological withdrawal state, evidence of tolerance development, social and mental preoccupation with substance use or the given behaviour, and persistent use despite harmful consequences. Treatment is aimed at gradual withdrawal of the drug or behaviour and eventually total abstention. Recently partial abstinence has also been put forward as a realistic target for treatment.

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

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  • addiction — [ adiksjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1979; mot angl., du bas lat. addictus « adonné à » ♦ Anglic. Conduite de dépendance (à une substance, une activité) qui a de graves conséquences sur la santé. « l impact de toute addiction (alcool, drogue, boulimie, sexe) sur …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Addiction — Ad*dic tion, n. [Cf. L. addictio an adjudging.] The state of being addicted; devotion; inclination. His addiction was to courses vain. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • addiction — ad·dic·tion /ə dik shən/ n: compulsive physiological need for a habit forming drug (as heroin) Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. addiction …   Law dictionary

  • addiction — (n.) c.1600, tendency, of habits, pursuits, etc.; 1640s as state of being self addicted, from L. addictionem (nom. addictio) an awarding, a devoting, noun of action from pp. stem of addicere (see ADDICT (Cf. addict)). Earliest sense was less… …   Etymology dictionary

  • addiction — [n] a habit of activity, often injurious bag*, bent, craving, dependence, enslavement, fixation, hang up*, hook, inclination, jones*, kick*, monkey*, monkey on back*, obsession, shot*, sweet tooth*, thing*; concepts 20,316,709 …   New thesaurus

  • addiction — ► NOUN ▪ the fact or condition of being addicted. DERIVATIVES addictive adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • addiction — [ə dik′shən] n. the condition of being addicted (to a habit) or of being an addict; specif., the habitual use of narcotic drugs …   English World dictionary

  • Addiction — Classification internationale des maladies CIM 10 : F1x.2 (Dépendance à la drogue) La dépendance est, au sens phénoménologique, une conduite qui repose sur une envie répétée et irrépressible, en dépit de la motivation et des efforts du sujet pour …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Addiction — For other uses, see Addiction (disambiguation). See also: Substance dependence (drug addiction) and Behavioral addiction. Historically, addiction has been defined as physical and psychological dependence on psychoactive substances (for… …   Wikipedia

  • addiction */ — UK [əˈdɪkʃ(ə)n] / US noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms addiction : singular addiction plural addictions 1) a strong need that someone feels to regularly take an illegal or harmful drug There is a growing problem of drug addiction in our… …   English dictionary

  • addiction — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ alcohol, cocaine, drug, etc. VERB + ADDICTION ▪ become, turn into ▪ A habit can easily become an addiction …   Collocations dictionary


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